About the Breed

The Finnhorse (sometimes called the Finnish Horse, or the Finnish Universal) is the only breed of horse developed fully in Finland. In Finland, it is thought to be a breed capable of fulfilling all of the country's needs, including agricultural and forestry work, harness racing, and general riding. As of 2007, the Finnhorse is officially Finland's national horse.

An official studbook was created in 1907, and many quality purebred animals were produced for years. However, mechanisation of agriculture and the dismantling of Finnish horse cavalry in the later half of the 20th century caused the Finnhorse population to drop from 400,000 animals in the 1950s to a low of 14,100 in 1987. However, the breed survived due to its popularity as a trotting racehorse and as a versatile riding horse.

There are 4 branches in the studbook, each with different goals for developing horses. Among all Finnhorses, one can see heavier draught types, the lighter trotters, the riding horse, and a smaller pony-type. However, all Finnhorses must be strong, capable of anything asked of them, and possess a pleasant attitude.

Quick Facts

Height: 14.2 - 15.1 hands

Weight: 660 - 1350 pounds

Coat Colors: Chestnut, but other colours are possible.

Markings: White markings on face and legs are common.

Conformation: Sturdy conformation. They should possess a straight profile, strong neck, and a long, but rounded and proportionate body. Recognizable by musculature, tough hooves, and thick manes and tails.

Common Uses: General riding, trotting races, farm work

Temperament: Docile, but alert. Willing to work with humans.

Place of Origin: Finland

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